~ Rosa Parks
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005)
African American civil rights activist – referred to as “the first lady of civil rights” by the U.S. Congress.
In 1955 Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white woman, as ordered by the driver, James Blake.
Although she was not the first African American woman to refuse to give up her seat, her action sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott and became an important symbol of the modern Civil Rights Movement, in the U.S.
She became an international icon of resistance to racial segregation and organized and collaborated with civil rights leaders, such as Martin Luther King, Jr. – She was party to his rise in the civil rights movement.
She later received many honours including the Congressional Gold Medal and a following her death, in 2005, a statue was placed in Washington DC